To help solve the problem of a shortage of teachers in U.S. public schools, both colleges and universities are beginning to offer online teacher licensure programs to individuals who have earned their bachelor’s degrees in a field other than education. These programs prepare degreed individuals to pass the state-required exams necessary to obtain a teaching license.
In many of these programs, individuals who have not yet received a bachelor’s degree can complete the courses necessary to obtain the degree while preparing for the license exams. Licenses, required of all public schoolteachers throughout the United States, help to ensure the public that teachers have succeeded in meeting a minimum of state-approved licensing standards.
In addition to taking academic courses such as curriculum design, effective lesson planning and human development, teaching licensure candidates must participate in hands-on learning, working as student teachers or teaching assistants in classrooms. Licensed teachers coach them and evaluate their progress.
Individuals enrolled in teacher training and licensure programs must have a desire to learn, as well as a love for teaching others. They should enjoy working with children, and they should possess excellent communication and listening skills. They should be patient, organized, and effective leaders.
There has always been a demand for qualified schoolteachers, but as many teachers face retirement over the next few years, the number of job openings for teachers will only increase. In addition, the demands and stresses of inner-city schools cause a number of new teachers to leave the field each year, creating a particular demand for teachers in these areas.
Elementary or grade school teachers teach children from the first through sixth grades. They most often teach numerous subjects, such as reading, writing, mathematics, science, and social studies, to one class of children, at the level appropriate to that grade and age. They plan lessons, administer and grade tests, assign projects, and meet with parents and other teachers to review each child’s development.
High school teachers teach students between the ages of 14 and 18. They teach one subject to a number of classes, using lecture, presentations, and projects to provide detailed instruction. They develop lesson plans, assign projects, administer tests, and track the progress of each student. They may also oversee after-school activities, such as clubs, band, choir, or sports.
Kindergarten teachers work with four- and five-year-olds, teaching them the basics of reading, writing, spelling, mathematics, music and science. Through storytelling, games, and creative projects, they use a playful, interactive atmosphere to encourage growth and a desire to learn in young children.
Middle school teachers work with seventh and eighth graders, or seventh through ninth graders, usually teaching one subject to a number of different classes, as in high schools. They focus on one particular subject in depth, teaching children more than they were exposed to in previous grades.
Physical education teachers — also called gym teachers or P.E. teachers — play an important educational role by instructing students of all ages in physical fitness and well-being. In this article, you’ll learn about the requirements for becoming a physical education teacher, salary ranges and the steps toward certification and job trends in the field of physical education.
Principals plan, coordinate, and oversee all educational activities and policies of a school. They oversee budgets, review new programs, hire personnel, set educational standards and goals, solicit funding, and meet with teachers and students to discuss student behavior or learning problems.