Civil engineers are often involved in design and construction on a grand scale. The projects they undertake might require the movement of massive amounts of material to create streets and freeways, bridges and tunnels, dams and power generating plants, sea and rail terminals, water and sewage transportation systems and other large-scale structures.
Every state requires its engineers to be licensed. Obtaining a license usually requires a degree from an ABET-accredited program, plus four years of relevant work experience and the completion of a standard exam. Do you have what it takes to become a civil engineer?
The primary prerequisite for most entry-level jobs in civil engineering is a bachelor’s degree. Many schools offer associate degrees in engineering technology, a vocational degree that emphasizes production rather than theory, which can prepare you to enter the engineering workforce sooner than pursuing a four-year degree.
The Department of Labor indicates that those entering the engineering trade can expect about average growth in job opportunities during the next decade, although this will vary by specialty. Below are a few of the most popular jobs in civil engineering.
The design and construction of large buildings, including amusement parks, malls and skyscraper all fall under the domain of this subcategory of civil engineering.
This branch of civil engineering is devoted to using engineering principles to preserve, protect, restore or improve the quality of the local environment, including the air, water and land.
Geotechnical engineering combines the principles of geology with those of civil engineering to investigate and determine the practical requirements for the foundations of large-scale structures such as freeways, skyscrapers, dams and bridges.
Hydrology is a branch of geology that deals with water, its movement, dynamics and flow. This branch of civil engineering is concerned with the construction of large-scale structures that transport or retain water, such as aqueduct systems, sewage systems, levees and dams.
Structural engineering is the branch of civil engineering that applies mechanics to construction and specializes in the design and construction of large-scale structures such as buildings, dams, bridges, monuments, tunnels and other load-bearing structures.
As its name implies, transportation engineering (also known as transport engineering) is devoted to the safe and efficient movement of people and goods. Highways, freeways and mass transit systems all fall under this civil engineering sub-discipline.
Survey technicians gather information and perform calculations for mapping the Earth’s surface. Working in collaboration with surveyors, they may establish boundaries for parks and industries, draft land descriptions for legal documents and measure elevation or land features for maps.
Did you know that everything that goes through a manufacturing, building or remodeling process needs to have some sort of visual planning? There is a very real need for computer-produced charts, drafting plans and technical drawings that builders, manufacturers, engineers and managers base their output on. The person who puts those designs together is the draftsperson, and he or she can learn this trade from the “interior planning with AutoCAD” program.