Electrical engineers specialize in the design, construction, testing and maintenance of the electrical and electronic components integrated into mechanical systems. This equipment can include large-scale systems such as power generators and energy transmission devices operated by utility companies, control systems for operating machinery and electrical components of moving vehicles.
The difference between electrical and electronics engineers is subtle. Traditionally, electrical engineers have focused on power generation and electronics engineers on power distribution. Both disciplines perform tests and maintenance on the performance of their respective systems.
Virtually all entry-level positions in the engineering industry require at least a bachelor’s degree. An advanced degree is mandatory for research and teaching positions in electrical engineering.
In addition to a degree, all states require engineers to be licensed. This licensing is accomplished by meeting specific requirements, which usually include a significant term of on-the-job experience and passing a detailed exam administered by the relevant state department.
An electrical engineer with a bachelor’s degree can potentially command a starting salary of over $50,000. An engineer in any category with a Ph.D. and several years’ experience has the potential to earn a salary of over $100,000 a year.
Below are a few of the most popular specializations in the field of electrical engineering.
This sub-discipline of electronics engineering involves the planning, design and drafting of electronic microcircuits for use in microprocessors.
Control engineers design, test, construct and maintain operating systems for electronic or mechanical devices, including instrumentation and automation controls.
This discipline is the interface between mechanical and electrical engineering, and includes the design of analog and digital circuits for equipment and machinery that includes both, such as lawn and garden equipment, appliances and power tools.
An electrician is a professional trained to maintain, install or repair electrical equipment in a variety of residential, business and industrial settings. Two of the profession’s largest categories are construction electricians, who perform installations during the construction process, and maintenance electricians, who review and update existing electrical systems.
Electronics and computer engineering technology introduces students with no programming experience to the basics of electrical design, electronics design and computer technology. If you’ve ever been fascinated by circuit boards and all the circuitry that makes your electrical appliances function properly, then this program is for you.
Electronics engineering technology introduces students with no programming experience to the basics of electrical design, electronics design and computer technology. If you’ve ever been fascinated by circuit boards and all the circuitry that makes your electrical appliances function properly, then this program could be for you.
You love tinkering with anything electrical. You’re perfectly happy to take things apart just to put them back together again. If this describes you, we found an area of study you just might love.
You love taking electrical gadgets apart to figure out how they work, and you’re always the first to know about the latest tech trend on the market. If this sounds like you, we found a field of study you just might love.
When your heater, air-conditioner or refrigerator breaks down, you don’t procrastinate and wait for the appliance to go back to normal. You do some research, get on the phone and start calling for HVAC/R repair to rectify your situation as soon as humanly possible. It’s vital that heating, cooling and ventilation systems run at peak performance to save energy and minimize pollution.