Scientists and biologists study organisms, their physical surroundings, and the ways they interact. Using a methodological approach, experts in science and biology analyze a multitude of processes and trends—from fundamental to complex phenomena-to solve some of the most critical questions and problems of our time.
Career opportunities in the field of science and biology are vast. Many professionals work in research and development to formulate new products that facilitate and improve quality of life. Others take positions with government organizations, universities or private industries.
Scientists such as meteorologists or mathematicians can obtain government positions with a bachelor’s degree, but more specialized jobs will require an advanced degree. Doctorate degrees are typically the minimum level of education for research and faculty positions.
Though competition for research positions is tough, most careers within science and biology are expected to experience average employment growth over the next decade. As more funding is designated for environmental research, jobs that focus on cleaning up the environment will be most popular.
An online degree in science and biology can help you reach your career goals in some of the following fields:
Biology is a natural science that seeks to understand the origin, growth, composition, reproduction, and behavior of living organisms. Biologists specialize in a number of fields—from microbiology to zoology, and everything in between. Many biologists are employed in the medical or environmental field.
Physicists study the forces and laws of nature. Using the scientific method, they seek to explain such phenomena as motion, energy, the interaction of matter, and the origin of the universe. Most physicists work solely in research and development.
Chemistry entails the study of the composition of substances, their properties and reactions. It involves the structure and actions of atoms and elements. This scientific field includes how different substances react to one another and the laws established to allow scientists to define and understand these reactions.
Astronomers observe, document, interpret and develop theories about the nature of the universe. They utilize mathematics and physics to solve problems related to spaceflight and satellites. These scientists design and develop equipment and various techniques to examine and collect astronomical information.
An earth scientist, also known as a geoscientist, examines and evaluates the earth’s composition and structure. These scientists investigate the environment, present and past, using advanced equipment. Earth scientists explore to locate natural resources such as minerals, metals, petroleum and water.
As the name implies, an oceanographer studies the physical aspects and the processes of the ocean. A subfield of geoscience, oceanography combines geology, physics, biology and chemistry to research and analyze oceans and coastal waters around the world.
Research scientists utilize the scientific method to develop hypotheses, collect data and interpret results for the purpose of contributing knowledge to various scientific fields. A research scientist may contribute information to any number of fields including: natural sciences, environmental science, medical science and computer science.
Does figuring out the underlying structure of living things appeal to you? Do you enjoy looking through a microscope to see what’s wrong with a tissue sample? If so, then consider a degree in histotechnology.